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Given the new challenges arising on the Angkor site, UNESCO recommends that new management tools be developed in keeping with the directions to guide implementation of the World Heritage Convention:

  1. Fine-tune the system of identifying priorities in terms of conservation (need for a ten-year action plan that includes a risk map);
  2. Coordinate working methods and finalize the recommendations for Angkor monument conservation and restoration;
  3. Streamline project acceptance procedures (execution time frame, sustainable funding arrangements);
  4. Provide better follow-up of project execution (supervise application of the findings).

Subsequent to the mission carried out by legal expert Mr Lucien Chabason on protected zones 1 and 2, the Committee agrees with the conclusions of this report and recommends that they provide the basis for discussion within this Committee.

In the framework of drawing up a management plan and on the basis of the findings of the Lucien Chabason mission and observations made by UNESCO, it is recommended:

  1. That, as a matter of urgency, the current zoning for zones 1 and 2 established by royal decree in 1994 be updated, so that reference to public utilities is included therein;
  2. That an implementation sub-decree for the development of a statutory technical framework and a more efficient, straightforward and transparent means of data management be drafted, in order to ensure further communication related to protected zone management policies;
  3. That, in carrying out this updating process, the need for habitat and services upgrading for the communities living in zones 1 and 2 be taken into account;
  4. That an inventory of new buildings (legal and illegal) that have grown up in zones 1 and 2 be made quickly, as well as a population registry in both of these zones be set up;
  5. That the rules governing domainial (state-owned) property and ownership rights applicable to land in zones 1 and 2 be clarified and that putting in place a computerized land registry system for the Angkor / Siem Reap site be looked into;
  6. That the policies of the APSARA National Authority pertaining to zones 1 and 2 be integrated into the town of Siem Reap master development plan;
  7. That the technical skills of the APSARA National Authority be strengthened in the areas of urban planning, land registry and communication with regard to zoning.